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【60年·光荣之路】科技创新 助力银川重塑发展动力

    发布日期: 2017-09-12 11:09

  2018年,全市科技进步贡献率达到52%,农业科技成果转化率达到65%以上,每万人有效发明专利拥有量为7.18件……翻开银川“科技强市”的篇章,一连串的数字展现了我市科技创新的喜人成果。银川深处西北内陆,不沿边不靠海,却历经60年的风雨征程,走出了“特色创新、开放创新”的科技强市之路。 

  科学技术从无到有  

  1958nian,ningxiahuizuzizhiqugangchenglishi,yinchuandekexuejishufazhanbulvweijian,jinyoudenongyekejijichuyefeichangboruo。lishiziliaoxianshi,dangshiquanshizhuanyejishurenyuanbuguo20duoren,bingqiezaijuedabufenxiandaikexuejishulingyu,yinchuanrengranshiyipiankongbai。

一分彩  zongguanlishi,yinchuankejifazhanjibenshangkefenweilianggeshiqi: 1949niandao1977nianweiqibuhechubufazhanshiqi;1978nianzhijinweigaigekaifang、chuangxinfazhanshiqi。

  dongxuelishiyinchuanyifencaidetuixiurenyuan,cengzaiyinchuannongyekejizhanxiangongzuolejin30nian。tagaosujizhe,20shiji60niandaiyiqian,yinchuandenongyekejiyinongyekeyanhejishutuiguangweizhu,zhuyaoshiliangshizuowuxinpinzhongdepeiyuhenongyeshiyongjishudeyinjintuiguang,gongyekejizeyiqinggongyejishugaizaoweizhu。zi20shiji60niandaizhongqiqi,quanshiluxuxingjianleyipixindegongyeqiye,tongshiyoucongwaidiqianruyipigongyeqiyejiqigongchengjishurenyuan,yinchuangongyejinrukuaisufazhanshiqi,ziciquanshiqiyejishukaifaliliangbuduanzengqiang,gongyejishujinbushuipingbuduantigao,weiyinchuanxiandaigongyefazhandiandinglejichu。

一分彩  “1975nian,yinchuanshikaishizhidingdiyigeshiniankexuejishufazhangangyao。”dongxuelijieshao,cong20shiji70niandaikaishi,yinchuanjiangjiaqiangkejirencaiduiwuyifencaichengweijingjishehuifazhandeshouyaozhanlvezhiyi。bujinquanmiankaizhanjishuzhichengpingdinggongzuo,haidalichuangjiankexueyanjiusuo,quanshinongyejishuyifencaitixijibenxingcheng,28gexiang(zhen)jianlilenongyekejituiguangjigou。

一分彩  cihoudaole1986nianzhi2000nian,zheishiyinchuanshikexuejishufazhandezhongyaoshiqi。zheiyishiqi,yinchuanxianhoutichu“kejixingyin”“kejiaoxingyin”zhanlve,cong“kejixingnong”lvxianqibu,duiquanshikejigongzuozuochuyixiliebushu,kejibeishangshengdaotuidongjingjiheshehuifazhandezhudaoxingzhanlve。zheiyishiqi,quanshibuduanshenhuakejitizhigaige,kaishikejichuangxintixiyifencai,fahuikejiguanlidechuangzaozuoyong,kexuejishukaishixianggegelingyuquanmianshentou,quanshichanyejishujinbubufajiakuai,yejin、jixie、huagong、jianzhujiancaidengzhuyaoxingyeliyongxinxijishugaizaochuantongchanyequdejiaodajinzhan。

   思想破冰带来行动突围  

  2016nian7yue,xijinpingzongshujilainingshichashizhichu“yueshiqianfadadiqu,yuexuyaoshishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve”。chuangxinqudongshijingjifazhanjinruxinchangtaideneizaiyaoqiu,woshianzhao“jiakuaiyifencaichuangxinxingguojia”hezizhiqu“chuangxinqudong”zhanlvedebushuheguihua,yichuangjian“guojiachuangxinxingchengshi”weimubiao,buduanwanshanchuangxintizhijizhi,peiyuchuangxinzaitihepingtai,zhuangdachuangxinrencaiduiwu,zaiquanshiyingzaochufengshengshuiqidechuangxinhuanjing,tuidongzhechuantongchanyezhuanxing、xinxingchanyetisu。

一分彩  youhuakejichuangxinhuanjing。jigongye、jinrongqiangshizhanlvehou,2017nianwoshiquedingbingshishikejiqiangshizhanlve,jujiaochuangxinfali,xianhouchutaile《yinchuanshikejiqiangshizhanlveshishiyijian》《chuangxinqudongzhanlveyinchuansannianxingdongjihua》dengduoxiangkejizhengcewenjian,gulizhichiyindaoyiqiyeweizhutidekejichuangxinhekejichengguozhuanhuahuodong,cujinzhengchanxueyanyongzijiejiehe,youxiaodijujiaolechanye、zhengce、rencai、chengguo、zijindengfangmiandekejichuangxin,yingzaolelianghaodekejichuangxinzhengcehuanjing,bujinshixiaxian(shi)ququanbutongguoquanguoxian(shi)kejijinbukaohe,woshihaibeipingwei“quanguokejijinbuxianjinshi”,tongguoleguojiachuangxinxingshidianchengshiyanshou。

  jiadakejichuangxintouru。2017nian,shibenjikejicaizhengtouru3.38yiyuan,quanshehuir&djingfeishangshengdao25.1yiyuan。zaizijindezhichixia,woshizhuzhuaxiangmuqianjin“niubizi”,xianhouzuzhishishile30duoxiangguojiahezizhiquzhongdakejixiangmu,tongshimeinianbuju50duogeshijikejichuangxinxiangmu,gongkeleyipizhongdaguanjianjishu,10duoxiangkejichengguohuodeguojiakejijinbujiang,daxingzhugang、shengwufajiao、yangrongfenshudengjishuzaiguoneilingxian,meijixitinghejiachunzhibingxijishudadaoguojilingxianshuiping,baiwanqianwachaochaolinjiezhengqilunjiqiumozhutiejiandechenggongyanzhi,dapolewoguogaoxiaozhengqilunjijichubujianzhangqishouzhiyufadaguojiadejumian。

  peiyangkejirencaiduiwu。weiraoyoushitesechanye,jinnianlaiwoshiqidongshishilegongchengshuoshipeiyangjihua,yinjinpeiyukejirencai600duoming,muqianquanshicongshikejigongzuorenyuanda12000ren,ruxuan“wanrenjihua”“chuangxinrencaituijinjihua”dengguojiakejirencaijihua10ren,kejichuangxintuanduidadao55ge,hangainengyuanhuagong、xincailiao、xianjinzhuangbeizhizao、xiandainongye、yiyaoweishengdengduowailingyu,zhelidazao“zhongchuangkongjian—kejixingxiaoweiqiye—kejixingzhongxiaoqiye—kejixiaojurenqiye—gaoxinjishuqiye”jinzitaxingtiduipeiyutixi。

   科技创新焕发经济活力 

  zaijingjifazhanxinchangtaixia,kejichuangxintuidonglegongjicejiegouxinggaige,rangchuantongchanyehuanfachuxinhuoli。jinnianlai,woshianzhaojiakuaituijinyikejichuangxinweihexindequanmianchuangxin,weiraochanyezhuanxingshengji,qianghuaqiyezhutidiwei,zoutesechuangxin、kaifangchuangxinzhilu,quanshizizhuchuangxinnenglihezonghekejishiliyoulejiaodatisheng,weigaozhiliangfazhantigongledongliyuan。

  chuangxinfazhanchengxiaoxianzhu。muqianquanshikejijinbugongxianlvdadao52%,nongyekejichengguozhuanhualvda65%yishang,quanshehuiyanjiuyukaifa(r&d)zhangdpdebizhongyuji2018niandadao1.71%;meiwanrenfamingzhuanliyongyouliang7.18jian。

  chuangxintisujiegouyouhua。yifencaiyezengjiazhizhangdpbizhongyuji2018niandadao46%;guimoyishanggaoxinjishuchanyechanzhizhangongyezongchanzhibizhongyuji2018niandadao13%;xinxingchanyezhanguishanggongyezengjiazhidebizhongyuji2018niandadao22%。

一分彩  chuangxinnenglimingxiantisheng。jiezhimuqian,quanshiguojiagaoxinjishuqiye67jia,zizhiqukeji“xiaojuren”qiye9jia,zizhiqukejixingzhongxiaoqiye273jia;yanfajigou53jia,geleikejichuangxinpingtai144jia,guojiahezizhiqujizhongdianshiyanshi20jia、gongchengjishuyanjiuzhongxin30jia,zizhiqujishuchuangxinzhongxin74jia,zizhiquchanyejishuxietongchuangxinzhongxin3jia,zizhiqulinchuangyixueyanjiuzhongxin6jia;zhongchuangkongjian32jia。

  chuangxinrencaiduiwubuduanzhuangda。rencaizongliangdafutisheng,rencaijiegouriquheli,rencaihuanjingbuduanyouhua,rencaiyinjin、rencaipeiyang、rencaijili、rencaipingjia、zhichiyouxiurencaichuangxinchuangyedengrencaizhengcetixibuduanwanshan,jiezhimuqianquanshirencaizongliangdadao29wanren。

一分彩  chuangxintizhijizhigengjiajianquan。quanshicujinkeji、chanye、rencaironghefazhandetizhijizhibuduanwanshan,caishui、jinrongduichuangxinchuangyezhichilidubuduanjiada,baohuzhishichanquanzhengcegengjiawanshan。lizhengdao2020nian,dajiankejifuhuaqihezhongchuangkongjian50jiayishang。

  yuanzaiyu9yue12ri《yinchuanribao》

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